Students must start practicing the questions from CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History with Solutions Set 4 are designed as per the revised syllabus.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions:

Question paper comprises five Sections – A, B, C, D and E. There are 34 questions in the question paper. All questions are compulsory.

  1. Section A – Question 1 to 21 are MCQs of 1 mark each.
  2. Section B – Question no. 22 to 27 are Short Answer Type Questions, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 60-80 words.
  3. Section C – Question no 28 to 30 are Long Answer Type Questions, carrying 8 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 300-350 words
  4. Section D – Question no.31 to 33 are Source based questions with three sub questions and are of 4 marks each
  5. Section E – Question no. 34 is Map based, carrying 5 marks that includes the identification and location of significant test items. Attach the map with the answer book.

Section – A (21 Marks)

Question 1.
Who began working on the critical edition of the Mahabharata? [1]
(A) V S. Sukhtankar
(B) R. D. Banerjee
(C) Alexander Cunningham
(D) DayaRamSahni
(A) V S. Sukhtankar

Explanation: The work on the critical edition of the Mahabharata was done by V.S. Sukhtankar.

Question 2.
Identify the following image and write its name. [1]

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

(A) Virupaksha Temple
(C) Meenakshi Temple
(B) Tirupati Temple
(D) Akshardham Temple
(A) Virupaksha Temple

Explanation: The temple in the given image is of Lord Virupaksha who was worshipped by the Vijaynagara rulers.

Question 3.
Who among these wrote the biography of Shaikh Muinuddin Chishti, titled as Munis al Arwah? [1]
(A) Shahjahan
(B) Akbar
(C) Mumtaz
(D) Jahanara
(D) Jahanara

Question 4.
Which of these pairs is incorrectly matched? [1]
(A) Rowlatt Act: 1919
(B) Cripps Mission: 1926
(C) First Round Table Conference: 1930
(D) Second Round Table Conference: 1931
(B) Cripps Mission: 1926

Explanation: The Cripps Mission was sent in the year 1942 and not in 1926.

Question 5.
Which of the following ‘Guru’ consolidated the Sikh community into socio-religious and military force? [1]
(A) Guru Arjan Sahib
(B) Guru Hargobind Sahib
(C) Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
(D) Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib
(D) Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib

Explanation: The tenth and the last Guru, Guru Gobind Singh organized the Sikhs into a military sect called Khalsa.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Question 6.
Consider the following statements about the death of Gandhiji. [1]
(i) He was killed on 30 January 1948.
(ii) He was shot by a man called Nathuram Godse.
Which of the following is/are correct.
(A) Only i
(B) Only ii
(C) Both i and ii
(D) Neither i nor ii
(C) Both i and ii

Explanation: Gandhiji was shot dead by NathuramGodse on 30 January, 1948.

Question 7.
Consider the following dynasties that ruled over Vijayanagara: [1]
(i) Saluva dynasty
(ii) Aravidu dynasty
(iii) Sangama dynasty
(iv) Tuluva dynasty
The correct chronological order for the rule of these dynasties is:
(A) (iv), (i), (iii), (ii)
(B) (iii), (ii), (i), (iv)
(C) (iv), (iii), (i), (ii)
(D) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
(A) (iv), (i), (iii), (ii)

Explanation: The earliest dynasty to rule over Vijayanagara was Tuluva followed by Suluva and then Sangama and at the end Aravidu dynasty.

Question 8.
Which of these statements is not correct? [1]
(A) Rigveda was composed by people living along the Indus.
(B) 600 BCE is the major turning point in early Indian history.
(C) Buddhist and Jaina texts mention existence of 32 Mahajanapadas.
(D) Magadha emerged as the most important Mahjanapada.
(C) Buddhist and Jaina texts mention existence of 32 Mahajanapadas.

Explanation: There was existence of 16 Mahajanapadas as per the Buddhist and Jainism texts.

Question 9.
Consider the following statements about the critical edition of Mahabharata: [1]
(a) The main theme is about the three sets of warring cousins.
(b) The critical edition was started by V. V Sukthankar.
(c) It was published in many volumes running over 13,000 pages.
(d) It took 12 years to complete.
State which of the above statements is/are not correct:
(A) Only(b)
(B) Only(d)
(C) (b)and(c)
(D) (a), (b) and (d)
(B) Only(d)

Explanation: It took 47 years to complete.

Question 10.
What do you understand by the term “Benami”? [1]
(A) Transactions made in the name of a fictitious person
(B) Transaction made in a name of a genuine person
(C) Legal Transactions
(D) Only transactions related to land
(A) Transactions made in the name of a fictitious person

Explanation: Benami transactions are those which are done in the name of the fictitious person.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Question 11.
Consider the following statements about Sufism. [1]
(a) Sufi turned to asceticism and mysticism to protest against materialism.
(b) The Sufis laid emphasis on seeking salvation through intense devotion and love for humanity.
(c) They sought an interpretation of the Quran on the basis of their scriptures.
(d) They were critical on definitions and scholastic methods of interpreting the Quran adopted by theologians. State which of the above statements are correct?
(A) Only (a)
(B) Only (c)
(C) (a)and(b)
(D) (a) and (d)
(D) (a) and (d)

Explanation: The Sufis sought an interpretation of the Quran on the basis of their scriptures, and they were critical on definitions and scholastic methods of interpreting the Quran adopted by theologians.

Question 12.
The first major appearance of the Gandhiji after his return to India in 1915 was at? [1]
(A) Inaugration of the Banaras Hindu University
(B) Champaran, Bihar
(C) Kheda District, Gujarat
(D) Bardoli, Gujarat
(A) Inaugration of the Banaras Hindu University

Explanation: The first mass appearance of Gandhiji after his return from the South Africa was in the Banaras Hindu University.

Question 13.
Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A): People of some Jatis did not follow Varna System.
Reason (R): People of some Jatis organised into groups called Shrenis. [1]
(A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(C) A is true but R is false.
(D) A is false but R is true.
(B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation: There were several people of the Jatis that do not follow the provisions of the Varna system and on several occasions organised them into shrenis.

Question 14.
Assertion (A): Asoka left the path of violence and adopted the path of Dhamma.
Reason (R): Asoka was disturbed by the large scale violence during the Kalinga war. [1]
Choose the correct statements:
(A) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) Both A and R are correct and R is not the correct explanation of A
(C) A is correct but R is not correct.
(D) R is correct but A is not correct.
(A) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A

Explanation: After the Battle of Kalinga in which there was wide level of bloodshed Ashoka adopted the path of Dhamma and left violence.

Question 15.
Which of the following British General was involved in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? [1]
(A) General Richard Wellesley
(B) General Arthur Wellesley
(C) General Reginald Dyer
(D) Michael O. Dwyer
(C) General Reginald Dyer

Explanation: The infamous Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place in Amritsar on the orders of General Reginald Dyer.

Question 16.
_________was the first Director General of ASI. [1]
(A) Alexander Cunningham
(B) William Jones
(C) Deitrich Brandis
(D) Warren Hastings
(A) Alexander Cunningham

Explanation: The first Director General of the ASI was Alexander Cunningham.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Question 17.
Which one of the following statement is correct about Kabir? [1]
(A) Kabir’s verses are compiled in ‘Kabir Bijak’ only.
(B) Kabir was and is a source of inspiration to many.
(C) He advocated only saguna bhakti.
(D) Kabir believed in Polytheism.
(B) Kabir was and is a source of inspiration to many.

Question 18.
Which Mughal Emperor was declared as the leader of the Revolt of 1857? [1]
(A) Shah Alam II
(B) Farukh Siyar
(C) Bahadur Shah Zafar
(D) Aurangzeb
(C) Bahadur Shah Zafar

Explanation: Bahadur Shah Zafar assumed the leadership of the revolt of 1857.

Question 19.
Read the following statements and identify the character of Mahabharata. [1]
• She declared her love for Bhima.
• She told Kunti that she liked her tiger like son.
• She gave birth to a Rakshas boy.
(A) Draupadi
(B) Ghandhari
(C) Hidimba
(D) Subhadra
(C) Hidimba

Explanation: Hidimba was rakshas who fell in love with Bhima. She declared her love for Bhima to his mother Kunti. She gave birth to a Rakshas boy, Ghatokacha.

Question 20.
Which one of the following battles brought the downfall of Vijayanagara Empire? [1]
(A) Battle of Mysore
(B) Battle of Trichinopoly
(C) Battle of Rakshasi-Tangadi
(D) Battle of Arcot
(C) Battle of Rakshasi-Tangadi

Explanation: The Vijaynagar kingdom suffered a defeat in the battle fought near the villages of Rakshasa and Tangdi. It is also known as the Battle of Talikota.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Question 21.
Which of these conferences was held in November, 1930? [1]
(A) First Round Table Conference
(B) Second Round Table Conference
(C) Third Round Table Conference
(D) Fourth Round Table Conference
(A) First Round Table Conference

Explanation: The first Round Table conference was held in November 1930, but without the prominent political leaders in India thus rendering it as an exercise in futility.

Section- B (18 Marks)

Question 22.
Mention Bernier’s views about private property and crown ownership of land. [3]
Vijayanagara was characterised by a distinctive building style. Support this statement with the sacred architectural examples of Vijayanagara.
According to Bernier, one of the fundamental differences between Mughal India and Europe was the lack of private property in land in the former. He was a firm believer in the virtues of private property, and saw crown ownership of land as being harmful for both the state and its people. He thought that in the Mughal Empire the “emperor owned all the land and distributed it among his nobles, and that this had disastrous consequences for the economy and society.


In the sacred temple architecture, many new features were added. These included large structures, huge and high Gopurams, Royal Gateways. These also included mandapams or pavilions and long pillared corridors. The Virupaksha Temple was built over centuries and substantially enlarged during theVijayanagara period. Its main deity was Lord Virupaksha a form of Shiva and the Chief Guardian God of the kingdom. The hall in front of the main shrine was built by Krishnadeva Raya to mark his accession and was decorated with carved pillars. He also constructed the Eastern Gopuram.

The halls in the temple were used for many purposes like marriage of deities; swing in special images and also to witness special programmes of music, dance and drama. In the Vitthala Temple, the main deity was Vitthala, form of Vishnu, worshipped generally in Maharasthra, an indication that the rulers of Vijayanagara drew in different traditions to create an imperial culture. This temple too has several halls and a unique shrine designed as a chariot. A characteristic feature of the temple complex is the chariot streets that extended from the temple Gopuram in a straight line. These streets are paved with stone slabs and lined with pillared pavilions where traders set their shops.

Question 23.
Who was R. E. M. Wheeler? Mention any of his contribution in the field of Archaeology. [3]
R. E. M. Wheeler was a British archaeologist. He was the Director General of ASI from 1944-48. He wasan Ex-Army Brigadier. He introduced a military precision to the archaeological practice and his maincontribution involves the use of scientific method in archaeology.

Question 24.
Who were the Hill Folk? Why were they so apprehensive of Buchanan’s visit to Rajmahal Hills in the 19th century? Explain. [3]
The Paharias were known as the Hill Folk. They lived in the vicinity of the Rajmahal Hills. They earned their livelihood from the forest produce and also practised shifting cultivation. Buchanan reached the Rajmahal Hills in the early 19th century. He found those hills as impenetrable. They posed a great risk and danger to the travellers. Buchanan also found the hilly people as hostile, apprehensive and not willing to talk to any traveller. In fact, all the Paharias looked at him with a suspicion and distrust. When he arrived at a village with his army of people, he was immediately perceived as an agent of the Sarkar, i.e., the British Government.

Question 25.
Name the book authored by Al-Biruni. Why did he disapprove the notion of the Indian caste system? Give one reason. [3]
Al-Biruni’s creation was Kitab-ul-Hind also known as Tarikh-ul-Hind and it was written in Arabic language. He disapproved the notion of the Indian caste system. He accepted the Brahmanical description of caste system and his views were deeply influenced by his study of Sanskrit books and the views of Brahmanas. He did not accept the notion of pollution and said that state of impurity does not stay forever. His views were against the caste system as God considers everyone equally.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Question 26.
Give a brief description about the coins used in the first century CE? [3]
The first gold coins were issued in the first century CE by the Kushanas. These were identical in weight with those issued by contemporary Roman kings and Parthian rulers of Iran. These coins were found in several sites in North India and Central Asia. Their widespread use indicated the enormous value of transactions and trade networks not confined within political boundaries. Coins were issued by tribal republics of Yaudheyas of Punjab and Haryana in 1st century CE. Archaeologists had unearthed several thousand copper coins issued by Yaudheyas, pointing to their interest and participation in economic exchanges.

Question 27.
Why the demand for separate electorates for Muslims was raised in the Constituent Assembly? [3]
What were the views of N.G. Ranga concerning the minorities?
The British introduced the concept of separate electorates in India to instigate the feeling of communalism in India.
• Muslim leaders felt that to protect their interests they need to have appropriate representation in the political offices.
• They believed that only Muslim leaders can understand the grievances of the Muslims and no other political
• leadership can protect their rights.


• N.G. Ranga was a socialist who played a significant role in the peasant movement in India.
• He said that the minorities should be interpreted in economic terms.
• He believed that the real minorities are the people who are extremely poor and downtrodden.

Section – C (24 Marks)

Question 28.
Explain the agricultural practices followed by the cultivators to increase productivity from 600 BCE to 600CE.
How did Siddhartha get to be named Buddha? How did his followers read his life? [8]
Kings used several methods to increase the revenues. The most common practice was increasing agricultural production by:

  • Improving irrigation (Repairing of SudarshamaLake by Shaka ruler Rudrama).
  • Transplantation—The production of rice increased in Ganga valley.
  • Use of iron ploughshare also increased the agriculture produce, but in some areas only.
  • Another strategy adopted to increase irrigation was by wells and tanks. The kings constructed lakes, which are mentioned in the inscription.
  • Use of new technology created social difference in the rural society.
  • The number of large land owners also increased.
  • Village headman and big land holders became powerful figures in rural society.
  • Sangam text refers to different categories of people living in villages, based on their access to land. These were:
    (1) Vellalar (landowners)
    (2) Uzhavar (ploughman)
    (3) Adimai (slaves)
  • Gahapati was basically large land holder and in some cases even peasants. Information was given in Pali text.


  • Buddha was named as Siddhartha by birth and was the son of a Chief of the Sakya dan.
  • He had a sheltered upbringing within the Palace, insulated from the harsh realities of life.
  • One day he persuaded his charioteer to take him into the city; he saw an old man, a sick man and a corpse.
  • He realised in that moment that the decay and destruction of the human body was inevitable.
  • He left the Palace and set out in search of his own truth, he meditated for several years and finally attained it. enlightenment.
  • After this, he came to be known as Buddha or the Enlightened One.
  • For the rest of his life, he taught Dhamma or the path of righteous living.
    1. His followers—bhikkhus spread the philosophy of Dhamma.
    2. They lived simply, possessing only the essential requisites for survival, such as one bowl a day.
    3. They lived on alms.
    4. Initially, only men were allowed into the Sangha, but latter on women were also admitted.
    5. Many women who entered the Sangha became preachers of Dhamma and went on to became theris, or respected women who had attained liberation.
    6. The Buddha’s followers came from many social groups like kings, wealthy men and Gahapatis, and also humble folk workers, slaves and crafts people.
    7. Once within the Sangha, all were regarded as equal, having shed their earlier social identities on becoming bhikkhus and bhikkhunis.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Question 29.
Explain how Krishnadeva Raya was able to expand and consolidate his Empire of Vijayanagara? Explain the causes of the decline of Vijayanagara after his death. [8]
Explain how the prosperity of towns has been explained by the historians on the basis of Ibn- Battuta’s observations.
Krishnadeva Raya (1509-29) was the greatest ruler of Vijayanagara Empire. His rule was characterised by expansion and consolidation. In 1512, the land between the Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers was acquired. In 1514, the rulers of Orissa were subdued and in 1520, severe defeats were inflicted on the Sultans of Bijapur. His kingdom remained in a constant state of military preparedness. His kingdom flourished under unparalleled peace and prosperity.

He built some fine temples and also found a suburban township near Vijayanagara called Nagalapuram after his mother. Some of the most detailed descriptions of the kingdom came from his period. Strain began to show in the Vijayanagara after the death of Krishnadeva Raya in 1529. His successors were disturbed by the rebellious Nayakas. By 1542, control of the centre was shifted to Aravidu, another ruling lineage.

During this period, the military ambitions of the rulers of Vijayanagara and Deccan Sultanate resulted in shifting alignments, which led to an alliance of the Sultanates against Vijayanagara. In 1565, Rama Raya, the Chief Minister of Vijayanagara led an army into Battle at Rakshasa-Tangadi (also known as Talikota) where his forces were defeated by the combined armies of Bijapur, Ahmednagar and Golconda. The victorious armies sackedVij ayanagara and the city was abandoned within few years.

Now, the focus was shifted to the east where the Aravidu Dynasty ruled from Penukonda and then from Chandragiri (near Tirupati). Though the armies of the Sultans were responsible for the destruction of the Vijayanagara, relations between the Rayas and the Sultans were not always hostile. In spite of religious differences, Krishnadeva Raya, supported claimants to power in the Sultanates and took pride in the title of ‘establisher of Yavana Kingdom’.

Similarly, the Sultan of Bijapur tried to solve the succession disputes in Vijayanagara following the death of Krishnadeva Raya. In fact, the Vijayanagara kings were keen to ensure the stability of the Sultanates and vice-versa. It was the adventurous policy of Rama Raya who tried to play on Sultans against each other that led the Sultans to join and defeat him. All these factors cumulatively led to the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire.


1. Ibn-Battuta had no interest in describing the prosperity of the cities. But the historians have used his description to argue that the prosperity of the cities depended on the agricultural economy of the villages. According to Ibn-Battuta, Indian agriculture was quite productive. Its reason was the fertility of the land. It was easy for the farmers to grow two crops in a year.

2. Ibn-Battuta also saw that the sub-continent was part of a global network of communication. The Indian
goods were in great demand in Central and South-East Asia. It was profitable to both artisans and merchants. There was a great demand in India for cotton cloths, soft muslin, silk brocade and satin. Ibn-Battuta tells us that some kinds of muslin were so costly that only the rich could afford to buy them.

3. In other words, the cities of the sub-continent provided exciting opportunities to those who had necessary drive, skill and resources. All the cities had colourful markets having a wide variety of goods. The bazaars were the main places of economic transactions. They were also the hub of social and cultural activities. In fact, the sub-continent was well-integrated with inter-Asian networks at trade and commerce.

Question 30.
Examine any four major issues that went into the making of the Indian Constitution.
How did the Constituent Assembly of India protect the powers of the Central Government? Explain. [8]
The making of the Indian Constitution was greatly influenced by many subjects or issues. These issues were such without which the establishment of real democracy was not possible. Out of these important issues, the main was as follows:

1. Political equality and socio-economic justice: The right to Universal Adult Franchise was the symbol of political equality. However, this political equality was incomplete without social and economic justice. So, it was essential to abolish social and economic discrimination.

2. Issues concerning the Dalits and the untouchables: It was essential to give special patronage for the upliftment of the Dalits and the Untouchables. The same was needed for the scheduled tribes.

3. Centralised federation: A federal government with a strong centre was set up to maintain the unity and integrity of the nation. This federation was a symbol of unity amidst diversity.

4. Separate electorate: The Dalits and minority communities were demanding separate electorate so that they may be able to get their representatives elected in the legislature. But it could endanger one’s loyalty towards the state. So, this view was rejected and to remove this apprehension or misgiving, seats were reserved for the Dalits. The reservation of seats for the Dalits in the Legislature was a solution to the demand for a separate electorate.


One of the topics most vigorously debated in the Constituent Assembly was the respective rights of the Central Government and the States. Jawaharlal Nehru argued for a strong Centre in the draft Constitution. The need for a strong Centre had been underlined on numerous occasions. The Constitution provided three lists of subjects: Union, State and Concurrent.

The subjects placed in the first list were for the Centre and more items were placed for the Union control than the other federations and more placed for the concurrent list than desired for the provinces. The Union also had control over minerals and key industries. Moreover, Article 356 gave power to Centre to take over the State administration on the recommendation of the Governor.

DrAmbedkar had declared that he wanted “a strong and united Centre, much stronger than the Centre we had created under the Government of India Act, 1935”. Many members felt that the Centre must be strong enough to stop the communal riots and violence. Gopalaswamilyenger declared that “the Centre should be made as strong as possible”. Balakrishna Sharma, reasoned at length that only a strong Centre could plan for the well-being of the country, mobilise the available economic resources, establish a proper administration and defend the country against foreign aggression.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Section – D (12 Marks)

Question 31.
Read the following source carefully and answer the questions that follow: [4]
The Mahabharata describes how, when war between the Kauravas and the Pandavas became almost inevitable, Gandhari made one last appeal to her eldest son Duryodhana:
By making peace you honour your father and me, as well as your well-wishers. it is the wise man in control of his senses who guards his kingdom. Greed and anger drag a man away from his profits; by defeating these two enemies a king conquers the earth. You will happily enjoy the earth, my son, along with the wise and heroic pandavas. There is no good in a war, no law (drama) and profit (artha)

(1) Why did Gandhari make an appeal to Duryodhana not to fight against the Pandavas?
(2) Why didn’t Duryodhana listen to Gandhari?
(3) Do you agree with the stand taken by Duryodhana? Give two reasons to support your answer.
(1) Gandhari appealed to Duryodhana not to fight against the Pandavas, because war is nothing but destruction. It is not necessary that victory would come in war. Greed and anger drag a man away from families and profits. By defeating these two enemies, one could save his state.
(2) He did not listen because he was overconfident and egoistic about his power. His advisors were not good enough.
(3) I do not agree with Duryodhana for War as it only leads to destruction. (Student’s own view)

Question 32.
Read the following source carefully and answer the questions that follow: [4]
What should the qualities of a national language be?
A few months before his death Mahatma Gandhi reiterated his views on the language question:
This Hindustani should be neither Sanskritised Hindi nor Persianised Urdu but a happy combination of both. It should also freely admit words wherever necessary from the different regional languages and also assimilate words from foreign languages, provided that they can mix well and easily with our national language. Thus our national language must develop into a rich and powerful instrument capable of expressing whole gamut of human thought and feelings. To confine oneself to Hindi or Urdu would be a crime against intelligence and the spirit of patriotism. Harijansevak, 12 October 1947

(1) What is Hindustani language?
(2) Initially for how many years was English thought to be continued as official language?
(3) Who amongst the following was the strongest supporter of Hindustani to be adopted as the national language?
(1) The blend of Hindi and Urdu makes the language Hindustani.
(2) For 15 years English was thought to be continued as official language
(3) Mahatma Gandhi was the strongest supporter of Hindustani to be adopted as the national language because according to him, Hindustani was a language that the common people could easily yesterday.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions

Question 33.
Read the following source carefully and answer the questions that follow:
Colin Mackenzie
Born in 1754, Colin Mackenzie became famous as an engineer, surveyor and cartographer. In 1815 he was appointed the first Surveyor General of India, a post he held till his death in 1821. He embarked on collecting local histories and surveying historic sites in order to better understand India’s past and make governance of the colony easier.

He says that “it struggled long under the miseries of bad management  before the South came under the benign influence of the British government”. By studying Vijayanagara, Mackenzie believed that the East India Company could gain “much useful information on many of these institutions, laws and customs whose influence still prevails among the various Tribes of Natives forming the general mass of the population to this day”.
(1) Who was Colin Mackenzie?
(2) How did Mackenzie try to rediscover the Vijayanagara Empire?
(3) How was the study of the Vijayanagara Empire useful for East India Company?
(1) Colin Mackenzie was an engineer and a cartographer. He was an employee of the East India Company. He prepared the first survey map of the Hampi.
(2) He recorded the tales of local histories and surveyed sites to get better understanding of past. It helped to make governance of the colony easier.
(3) He felt the East India Company could gain useful information on many of these institutions, laws and customs which still influenced the various native tribes. These natives form the general mass of population. It could help East India Company to rule the country better.

Section – E (5 Marks)

Question 34.
(1) On the given political outline map of India, locate and label the following appropriately : [5]

  • Amber – a territory under Akbar’s reign.
  • Mysore – an important town of South India during 14th to 16th century.
  • Mewar-Region ruled by Rajputs.


Chanhudaro- A famous Harappan site
(2) On the same political outline map of India, three places where Mature Harappan sites have been marked as A and B. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions


C:\Users\user 123\Downloads\CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Set 4 with Solutions Q 34.1png.png