Students must start practicing the questions from CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science with Solutions Set 1 are designed as per the revised syllabus.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions

Time : 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions:

  1. Question paper comprises five Sections – A, B, C, D and E. There are 37 questions in the question paper. All questions are compulsory.
  2. Section A – From question 1 to 20 are MCQs of 1 mark each.
  3. Section B – Question no. 21 to 24 are Very Short Answer Type Questions, carrying 2 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 40 words.
  4. Section C contains Q.25to Q.29 are Short Answer Type Questions, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 60 words.
  5. Section D – Question no. 30 to 33 are long answer type questions, carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 120 words.
  6. Section-E – Questions no from 34 to 36 are case based questions with three sub questions and are of 4 marks each.
  7. Section F – Question no. 37 is map based, carrying 5 marks with two parts, 37a from History (2 marks) and 37b from Geography (3 marks).
  8. There is no overall choice in the question paper. However, an internal choice has been provided in few questions. Only one of the choices in such questions have to be attempted.
  9. In addition to this, separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.

Section – A
MCQs (1 x 20 = 20)

Question 1.
What helped in the colonisation of Asian and African countries? Identify the correct statement from the following options. [1]
(a) Intergovernmental policies for the expansion of trade
(b) Governmental invite to the mother countries for expansion
(c) Technology, investments and improvement in transport
(d) Capitalists of these regions wanted trade with colonial powers
(c) Technology, investments and improvement in transport
Explanation: Invention of new technology to dominate other countries helped larger and more developed countries to push the colonise into complete subordination. Developed countries invested in various ventures in colonised countries because returns were high and government ensured.

Question 2.
Which of the following newspaper was started by Bal Gangadhar Tilak? [1]
(a) Hindu
(b) Kesari
(c) Sudharak
(d) Pratap
(b) Kesari
Explanation: When Punjab revolutionaries were deported in 1907, Balgangadhar Tilak wrote with great sympathy about them in his newspaper Kesari.

Related Theory:
The power of the printed word is most often seen in the way governments seek to regulate and suppress print. The colonial government kept continuous track of all books and newspapers published in India and passed numerous laws to control the press. During the First World War. under the Defence of India Rules. 22 newspapers had to furnish securities.

Question 3.
Look at the picture given below. Identify the name of the painter of this painting from the following options. [1]
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions 1
(a) Abindra Nath Tagore
(b) Rabindra Nath Tagore
(c) Raja Ravi Varma
(d) Samant Das Gupta 1
(c) Raja Ravi Varma
Explanation: This picture has been titled, “Raja Ritudhwaj rescuing Princess Madalsa from the captivity of demons”, by Ravi Varma. Raja Ravi Varma produced innumerable mythological paintings that were printed at the Ravi Varma Press.

Related Theory:
By the end of the nineteenth century, a new visual culture was taking shape. With the setting up of an increasing number of printing presses, visual images could be easily reproduced in multiple copies. Painters like Raja Ravi Varma produced images for mass circulation.

Every picture in the book is important because questions like these could be asked in the exam directly. Students must observe every picture
and have a detailed description of the same prepared with them in the form of notes.

Question 4.
Arrange the following in chronological order: [1]
(I) Print culture created the conditions for the French Revolution.
(II) Martin Luther’s writings led to beginning of the Protestant Reformation.
(III) Menocchio reinterpreted the message of the Bible.
(IV) Johann Gutenberg invented Printing press.
(a) III, II, I and IV
(b) I, II, III and IV
(c) IV, III, II and I
(d) IV, II, III and I
(d) IV, II, III and I
Explanation: The invention of the Printing Press made it easy to print in large quantities. People began reading and interpreting religious books by themselves because they were now easily available. Manuscripts which had otherwise been extremely expensive, had now become affordable, this shaped up people’s opinions which started reflecting in their own writings, for example, the Ninety Five Theses by Martin Luther King.

Encouraged by Martin Luther challenge to the Church, Menocchio, a common man, reinterpreted the message of the Bible according to his understanding. This created awareness among the people about the need for values Like equality, liberty and fraternity. Thus, suitable conditions for French revolution were created.

For answering such questions, it is important for the students to have a mental map in their mind indicating the flow of the chapter or atleast the given incidents. Students can also use the sentence structure to decide the chronological order. If words like then, before, ago etc., are mentioned, they must be used to arrive at an answer.

Question 5.
Identify the crop with the help of the following information: [1]
(1) It is a crop which is used both as food and fodder.
(2) It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21°C to 27°C.
(3) It grows well in old alluvial soil.
(4) Use of modern inputs have contributed to the increasing production of this crop.
(a) Wheat
(b) Maize
(c) Rice
(d) Sugarcane
(b) Maize
Explanation: The given hints all point towards Maize which is a crop used both as food and fodder to the animals at farm. It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21°C to 27°C and is supported by old alluvial soil. In some states like Bihar, maize is grown in rabi season also.

Related Theory:
Major maize-producing states are Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions

Question 6.
Which of the following description of forest is NOT correct? [1]
(a) Reserved Forest-Reservation of more than half of forests
(b) Protected Forest-Reservation of 1/3 of the forests
(c) Unclassed Forest-Reservation of forest under govt, and private individuals
(d) Permanent Forest-Reserved and unclassed forest for the production of timber
(d) Permanent Forest-Reserved and undassed forest for the production of timber
Explanation: Reserved and protected forests are also referred to as permanent forest estates maintained for the purpose of producing timber and other forest produce, and for protective reasons. Unclassed forests are not associated with permanent forests.

Related Theory:
Madhya Pradesh has the Largest area under permanent forests, constituting 75 per cent of its total forest area. Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Maharashtra have large percentages of reserved forests of its total forest area.

Such questions require analytical thinking. The descriptions given are technically not definitions but a feature or associated fact. For students to answer such questions, it is important that they read and are able to relate such facts to the mentioned topics either directly or indirectly mentioned in the book.

Question 7.
Match the following : [1]

(A) Renewable Resources (I) Forests and wildlife
(B) Non-Renewable Resources (II) The oceanic resources
(C) National Resources (III) Roads, canals and railway
(D) International Resources (IV) Minerals and fossil fuels

(a) A-I, B-IV, C-III, D-II
(b) A-II, B-I, C-IV, D-III
(c) A-IV, B-l, C-IV, D-II
(d) A-I, B-IV, C-II, D-III
(a) A-I, B-IV, C-III, D-II
Explanation: Renewable resources can be renewed and rejuvenated. They are infinite resource. For example- solar energy etc. Non-renewable resources cannot be renewed because their consumption rates are faster than their creation/production rates. Minerals and fossil fuels take centuries to build but are consumed very quickly for Energy.

National Resources-Resources owned by a country. Example, Roads, canals constructed by the central government etc.

International Resources- Resources shared by various countries across the world. Example, Oceans and atmosphere.

Question 8.
Consider the following statements regarding power sharing arrangements in Belgium and identify the incorrect one from the following: [1]
(a) Equal number of members from Dutch and French community in the central government.
(b) Separate government for Brussels with equal representation of communities.
(c) The state government to be subordinate to the central government.
(d) Community government elected by people belonging to one language community.
(a) Equal number of members from Dutch and French community in the central government
Explanation: According to the Constitutional amendments undertaken in Belgium till 1993, the State and regional governments in Belgium are no longer subordinate to the central government. Many powers of the central government have been given to state governments of the two regions of the country.

Related Theory:
Belgian leaders recognised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. Between 1970 and 1993, they amended their constitution four times so as to work out an arrangement that would enable everyone to live together within the same country.

Question 9.
Which one of the following subjects comes under the legislation of Centre and State in India? [1]
(a) Education
(b) Forests
(c) Banking
(d) Trade
(a) Education
Explanation: The Constitution clearly provided a three-fold distribution of legislative powers between the Union Government and the State Governments. Concurrent List includes subjects of common interest to both the Union Government as well as the State Governments, such as education, forest, trade unions, marriage, adoption and succession.

Related Theory:
State List includes subjects of regional interest. State governments legislate upon this.

Question 10.
Which of the following statement is true regarding Feminist Movements? [1]
(a) A group which favours giving more power to working women at rural and urban level.
(b) A movement that believes in giving exclusive rights to female in urban areas.
(c) Radical women’s movements aimed at equality in personal and family life as well.
(d) It is the practice of placing a feminine and masculine point of view in decision making.
(c) Radical women’s movements aimed at equality in personal and family life as well. Explanation: Women in different parts of the world organised and agitated for equal rights for themselves in every sector or field of life. They didn’t want superior position or exclusive rights.

Question 11.
Which one among the following pairs is correctly matched? [1]

(A) Bharatiya Janata Party National Democratic Alliance
(B) Congress Party Left front
(C) Communist Party of India Regional Party
(D) Mizo National Front United Progressive Alliance

(a) Bharatiya Janata Party-National Democratic Alliance
Explanation: BJP has been leading this alliance ever since 1998. The Indian National Congress leads the United Progressive Alliance or coalition and not the left front. It is a centrist party.

Related Theory:
The CPI formed in 1925 believes in Marxism-Leninism, secularism and democracy. This party is opposed to the forces of secessionism and communalism.

Question 12.
There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Mark your answer as per the codes provided below:
Assertion (A): Democracy is an accountable, responsive and legitimate government.
Reason (R): Democracies have regular, free and fair elections and decision-making is based on norms and procedures.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true. [1]
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
Explanation: A legitimate, accountable and popular government is elected when citizens of the country are ensured universal franchise and a right to choose their own representatives freely.

Question 13.
Which one of the following religions was protected and fostered by Sri Lankans in their constitution? [1]
(a) Christianity
(b) Hinduism
(c) Buddhism
(d) Islam
(c) Buddhism
Buddhism has been declared by the democratically-elected central government of Sri Lanka as their state religion.

Related Theory:
In Sri Lanka, the oppression of a majority community and its dominance over others and refusal to share power, has undermined the unity of the country.

Question 14.
Read the given data and find out children of which state has attained maximum elementary school education? [1]

States Per Capita Income For 2018-19 (in Rs) Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (2018) Literacy Rate % 2017-18 Net Attendance Ratio (per 100 persons) secondary stage (age 14 and 15 years) 2017-18
HARYANA 2,36,147 30 82 61
KERALA 2,04,105 7 94 83
BIHAR 40,982 32 62 43

Sources: Economic Survey 2020-21, P.A 157, National Sample Survey Organisation (Report No. 585), National statistical office, Government of India.
(a) Haryana
(b) Bihar
(c) Both Haryana and Kerala
(d) Kerala
(d) Kerala
Explanation: Kerala has the highest literacy rates and net attendance ratio among all the states mentioned in the table. This shows that maximum number of citizens in this state have received elementary education atleast.

Related Theory:
Net attendance ratio is the total number of children of 6-10 years of age, attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group. This is indicative of the percentage of students receiving elementary education.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions

Question 15.
Read the following data and select the appropriate option from the following: [1]

Category Male Female
Literacy rate for rural population 76% 54%
Literacy rate for rural children in age group 10-14 years 90% 87%
Percentage of rural children aged 10-14 attending school 85% 82%

How much percentage of girls are not attending school?
(a) 81%
(b) 61%
(c) 69%
(d) 18%
(d) 18%
Explanation: Percentage of females not attending schools from the given table can be calculated as:
Percentage of rural female children aged 10 – 14 years attending schools = 82%
Percentage of rural female children not attending schools are- 100 – 82 = 12%

Question 16.
Find the odd one out from the following options: [1]
(a) Tourist Guide, Barber, Tailor, and Potter
(b) Teacher, Doctor, Vegetable Vendor and Lawyer
(c) Postman, Cobbler, Soldier and Police Constable
(d) Indian Railways, Jet Airways, Doordarshan and Metro
(d) Indian Railways, Jet Airways, Doordarshan and Metro
Explanation: The rest of the options feature service providers while option (d) features various means of communication and transportation.

Related Theory
Service providers belong to the tertiary sector of economic activities.

Question 17.
Fill in the blank: [1]

Primary, Secondary  & Tertiary Nature of economic activity
Organized & Unorganized ?

(a) Nature of Employment activities
(b) Nature of Social activities
(c) Nature of Production activities
(d) Nature of Political activities
(a) Nature of Employment activities
Explanation: Nature of employment activities is a criterion used to classify jobs into organised and unorganised sectors. Organised sector includes jobs which are regulated by an agency or the government. Unorganised sector includes jobs which are unregulated and temporary.

Question 18.
Read the information given below and select the correct option: [1]
Rohan has taken a loan of Rs.5 lakhs from the bank to purchase a house on 12% rate of interest. He has to submit papers of new house and salary record to the bank.
What is this process called as?
(a) Interest Rate
(b) Collateral
(c) Principal Amount
(d) Instalments
(b) Collateral
Explanation: Collateral is an asset that the borrower owns (such as land, building, vehicle, livestocks, deposits with banks) and uses this as a guarantee by a lender until the loan is repaid.

Related Theory:
Property such as land titles, deposits with banks, livestock are some common examples of collateral used for borrowing.

Question 19.
Which of the following international agencies allow free trade and work on mutual trade between countries? [1]
(a) WTO
(b) IMF
(c) UPU
(d) FAO
(a) WTO
Explanation: World Trade Organization was instituted to encourage free and fair trade among various countries in the world. This was done to allow the developing countries to match upto the production costs and standards of the developed countries.

Question 20.
Identify the correct statements about globalization. [1]
(I) Removal of barriers by the government
(II) Foreign companies are allowed to set up factories
(III) Has enabled all companies to increase their investments
(IV) Has lessened foreign investment and foreign trade
(a) I and II
(b) II and III
(c) I and III
(d) II and IV
(a) I and II
Explanation: Globalisation has encouraged foreign investments and trade because production process has now become international. Every MNC tries to control production by either buying or investing in other companies to control their prices and production process.

Related Theory:
Batteries, capacitors, plastics, toys, tyres, dairy products, and vegetable oil are some examples of industries where the small manufacturers have been hit hard due to competition and Globalisation. Hence, not all companies have increased their investments.

Section – B
Very Short Answer Type Questions (2 x 4 = 8)

Question 21.
Analyse any two factors that were responsible for the Great Depression in America during 1929. [2]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
2m (VSA) Mention two factors causing decline in the American economy. (1m+1m)

  • Falling agricultural prices.
  • excessive dependence upon the US for finance and withdrawal of US loans to save their own economy


  1. Agricultural overproduction remained a problem and it was made worse by falling agricultural prices.
  2. As prices slumped and agricultural incomes declined, farmers tried to expand production and bring a larger volume of produce to the market but it pushed down prices.
  3. In the mid-1920s, many countries financed their investments through loans from the US, it was extremely easy to raise loans in the US when the going was good.
  4. But in the first half of 1928 countries that depended crucially on US loan faced an acute crisis.
  5. The withdrawal of US loans affected the rest of the world in different ways In Europe it led to the failure of small major banks and the collapse of currencies such as the British pound sterling.
  6. Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)

Questions which include the word ‘analyse’ in them must not be answered without including the impact of the factors/subject mentioned in the question on the conditions and the changes brought by them.

For example, here, the question asks the student to enlist factors responsible for the Great Depression of 1929 and their direct impact on the situation around them by using the term, ‘analyse’. Student has to include the impact of these factors on other variables around them.

Question 22.
Mention the provisions that constitute India into a secular country. [2]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
2m (VSA) Write two provisions mentioned in the Indian Constitution. (1m+1m)

  • No official religion of the Indian state.
  • Prohibition of Discrimination through Fundamental rights


  1. There is no official religion for the * Indian state. Our Constitution does not give a special status to any religion.
  2. The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any.
  3. The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
  4. Secularism is an idea constitutes one of the foundations of our country.
  5. At the same time the Constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within religious communities.
  6. Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)

Question 23.
Suggest any two ways to conserve energy resources in India. [2]
Suggest any two ways to improve the usage of Solar energy.

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
2m (VSA) Mention two ways of conserving Energy Resources.
Try to include but not limited to these points (1m+1m)

  • Usage of Public Transport
  • Usage of power-conserving devices.


  1. Promotion of energy conservation and increased use of renewable energy sources
  2. Have to adopt a cautious approach for the judicious use of our limited energy resources.
  3. Use public transport systems instead of individual vehicles
  4. Switch off electricity when not in use
  5. Using power-saving devices
  6. Use non-conventional sources of energy.
  7. Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)


Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
2m (VSA) Write two ways to improve the use of Solar energy (1m+1m)

  • Usage of Solar Panels, CPV cells.
  • Improve efficiency of Solar Panels
  1. Reducing the cost of solar panels
  2. Use of efficient solar panel models.
  3. Rising awareness about the importance of renewable energy
  4. Easy installation process
  5. Buy panels with High Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV) Cells.
  6. Avoid installing solar panels in shaded areas.
  7. Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)

Question 24.
In what ways Government can increase employment in the rural sector? [2]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
2m (VSA) Mention two measures employed by government to increase employment.

  • Introduction of Mega projects, New Dams.
  • Establishment of Food Processing parks etc


  1. by introducing mega projects-new dam is constructed and canals.
  2. By introducing tertiary facilities in an area.
  3. To identify, promote and locate industries and services in semi-rural areas.
  4. It is also possible to set up industries that process vegetables and agricultural produce like potato, sweet potato.
  5. By promoting tourism, or regional craft industry, or new services like IT.
  6. Any other relevant point. (Any Two Points)

Section – C
Short Answer Type Questions (3 x 5 = 15)

Question 25.
How was the social and political situation of India affected by the First World War? Explain. [3]
How did the Indian merchants and industrialists relate themselves to the Civil Disobedience Movement? Explain.

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
3m (SA) Write three points about the impact of World War I on the political social situation of India.
(1m+1 m+1 m)

  • Rise in defence expenditure.
  • Forced recruitment.
  • Rise in taxes and duties


  1. The war created a new economic and political situation.
  2. It led to a huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes: customs duties were raised and income tax introduced.
  3. Through the war years prices increased – doubling between 1913 and 1918 -leading to extreme hardship for the common people.
  4. Villages were called upon to supply soldiers, and the forced recruitment in rural areas caused widespread anger.
  5. Crops failed in many parts of India, resulting in acute shortages of food.
  6. This was accompanied by an influenza epidemic. Million people perished as a result of famines and the epidemic.
  7. Any other relevant point (Any Three Points)


Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
3m (SA) Mention three points about the relationship between the Civil Disobedience movement and Indian merchants and industrialists as participants. (1m+1m+1m)

  • Wanted economic protection from imports.
  • Formation of economic organisations to preserve interests.
  • Boycott and Financial assistance to the movement
  1. Indian merchants and industrialists were keen on expanding their business, and reacted against colonial policies that restricted business activities.
  2. They wanted protection against imports of foreign goods, and a rupee¬sterling foreign exchange ratio that would discourage imports.
  3. To organise business interests, they formed the Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress in 1920 and the Federation of the Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FICCI) in 1927.
  4. Led by promineht industrialists like Purshottamdas Thakurdas and G. D. Birla, the industrialists attacked colonial control over the Indian economy, and supported the Civil Disobedience Movement
  5. They gave financial assistance and refused to buy or sell imported goods.
  6. Most businessmen wanted to flourish trade without constraints.
  7. Any other relevant point (Any Three Points)

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions

Question 26.
Examine the factors that influence the distribution pattern of the railway network in India. [3]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
3m (SA) Examine three factors which affect the location and distribution of railways.

  • Varying physiology.
  • Different population density
  • Inaccessible terrain

Physical and economic factors have influenced the distribution pattern of the Indian Railways network in the following ways:
(1) Northern Plain: Level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources have favoured development of railways in these plains. However, a large number of river requiring construction of bridges across their wide river beds posed some obstacles.

(2) Peninsular region and the Himalayan region: it is a hilly terrain. The railway tracks are Laid through low hills, gaps I or tunnels. So, it is very difficult to lay the railway lines. The Himalayan mountainous regions too are not favourable for the construction of railway line due to high relief, sparse population and lack of economic opportunities.

(3) Desert of Rajasthan: on the sandy plain of western Rajasthan too, it is very difficult to lay railway lines which has hindered the development of railways.

(4) Swamps of Gujarat, forested tracts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Jharkhand; these are also not suitable for the development of railways.

(5) The contiguous stretch of Sahyadri could be crossed only through gaps or passes. Although the Konkan railway along the west coast has been developed but it has also faced a number of problems such as sinking of track in some stretches and landslides

(6) Any other relevant point (Any Three Points)

Question 27.
In what ways Multi National Corporation (MNC) different from other companies? Explain with an example. [3]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
3m (SA) Mention three features of MNCs which distinguish them from other companies.
(1 m+1 m+1 m)

  • Expanded production in various countries.
  • Different Financial Management.
  • Reach to newer, larger markets.

(Try to include but not limited to-Production, spread globally, cheap raw materials, abundant labour supply.

(1) Domestic companies tend to restrict their operations to the country of origin, while multinational corporations operate in more than two countries. Ex- Infosys

(2) Companies (Infosys) expand globally for many reasons, mostly to obtain new markets, cheaper resources and reduction in operational costs, all of which significantly affect financial management These benefits also increase the risks faced by multinational corporations. – ,

(3) Multinational (Infosys) financial management differs from domestic financial management in six essential ways

(4) Unlike their domestic financial management counterparts, multi-nationals are subject to exchange rates that differ based on the prevailing inflation rate in the foreign countries where they operate.

(5) Any other point (Any Three Points)

Question 28.
Differentiate between democratic and non- democratic government. [3]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
3m (SA) Highlight three differences between Democratic and Non-democratic governments. (1m+1m+1m)

  • Transparency.
  • Dignity to the citizens.
  • Resolution of conflicts

(Try to include- Dignity and Freedom, Negotiation, Consensus)


  1. Democratic govts, are transparent, legitimate and accountable whereas non-democratic govt are selected and formed at their own discretion.
  2. Democratic govt, provides dignity and freedom to all without any discrimination.
  3. Conflicts are resolved through debate, discussions and negotiation rather than discretion.
  4. Enhances dignity of all without any discrimination.
  5. Any other relevant point (Any Three Points)

Question 29.
‘Tertiary sector is different from other sectors.’ Justify the statement with suitable arguments. [3]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
3m (SA) Highlight three differences between tertiary and other sectors

  • Products of the sector
  • Interaction and dependence upon other sectors.
  • Generation of employment


  1. Tertiary sector is basic service sector whereas primary and secondary are the sectors that produce goods.
  2. Tertiary sector support and help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors.
  3. Tertiary activities are an assistance for the production process.
  4. Tertiary sector provides services like transport, banking, communication, etc
  5. It generates more employment than other sectors.
  6. Any other relevant point. (Any Three Points)

Section – D
Long Answer Type Questions (5 x 4 = 20)

Question 30.
Highlight the various measures and practices that French revolutionaries introduced to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people.
Highlight the role of Otto Von Bismarck in making of Germany. [5]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Write five points about the practises and changes introduced by French Revolutionaries (1m+1m+1m+1m+1m)

  • New flag,
  • Notions of United communities,
  • Composition of new hymns
  • New central administrative system
  •  Abolition of custom duties

(1) The ideas of la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen) emphasised the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution.

(2) A new French flag, the tricolour, was chosen to replace the former royal standard.

(3) The Estates General was elected by the body of active citizens and renamed the National Assembly.

(4) New hymns were composed, oaths taken and martyrs commemorated.

(5) A centralized administrative system was put in place and it formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its territory.

(6) Internal customs duties and dues were abolished and a uniform system of weights and measures was adopted.

(7) Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation.

(8) Any other relevant point (Any Five Points)

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Mention five points about the role of Otto Von Bismarc as the architect of United German empire. (1m+1m+1m+1m+1m)

  • Leadership of unification programmes
  • Three wars over Seven years participation in new assembly
  • Proclamation of the new king with Otto’s help

(1) Prussia took on the leadership of the movement for national unification.

(2) Its chief minister, Otto von Bismarck, was the architect of this process carried out with the help of the Prussian army and bureaucracy.

(3) Three wars over seven years – with Austria, Denmark and France – ended in Prussian victory and completed the process of unification.

(4) In January 1871, the Prussian king, William I, was proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles.

(5) On January 1871, an assembly comprising the princes of the German states, representatives of the army, important Prussian ministers including the chief minister Otto von Bismarck gathered in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles to proclaim the new German Empire headed by Kaiser William I of Prussia.
Any other relevant point

Question 31.
Examine the reasons for the location of most of the jute mills in West Bengal
Examine the multi-pronged aspects of Information Technology and Electronics Industry. [5]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Mention five reasons about the location of Jute mills in West Bengal. (1m+1m+1m+1m+1m)

  • Proximity to raw material
  • Water supply to process jute
  • Cheap labour
  • large market


  1. Proximity of the jute producing areas
  2. Inexpensive water transport
  3. Supported by a good network of railways, roadways and waterways to facilitate movement of raw material to the mills
  4. Abundant water for processing raw jute
  5. Cheap labour from West Bengal and adjoining states of Bihar, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.
  6. Kolkata as a large urban centre provides banking, insurance and port facilities for export of jute goods.
  7. The jute industry supports workers directly and small and marginal farmers who are engaged in cultivation of jute
  8. Any other relevant point


Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Examine five features of Information Technology and Electronics Industry.

  • Wide range of products.
  • Provision of Software Parks facilities
  • High employment generation and job opportunities
  • Earns foreign exchange
  • Extensive growth

(1) The electronics industry covers a wide range of products from transistor sets to television, telephones, cellular telecom, pagers, telephone exchange, radars, computers and many other equipment required by the telecommunication industry.

(2) Bangalore has emerged as the electronic capital of India. Other important centres for electronic goods are Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow and Coimbatore.

(3) 18 software technology parks provide single window service and high data communication facility to software experts.

(4) A major impact of this industry has been on employment generation.

(5) It is encouraging to know that 30 per cent of the people employed in this sector are women.

(6) This industry has been a major foreign exchange earner in the last two or three years because of its fast growing Business Processes Outsourcing (BPO) sector.

(7) The continuing growth in the hardware and software is the key to the success of IT industry in India.

(8) Any other relevant point (Any Five Points)

Question 32.
Describe the role of political parties in India. [5]
Describe the necessity or utility of political parties in democratic countries.

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Mention five functions of Political Parties

  • Representation related functions
  • Decision making functions
  • Shaping up of Public opinion
  • Execution of Welfare Scheme


  1. Parties contest elections.
  2. Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them.
  3. Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country.
  4. Parties form and run governments.
  5. Those parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power, by voicing different views and criticising government for its failures or wrong policies.
  6. Parties shape public opinions.
  7. Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments.
  8. Any other relevant point (Any Five Points)


Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Mention five points about the significance and necessity of political parties. (1m+1m+1m+1m+1m)

  • Direct linkage to Representative Democracy
  • Mechanism to support the government
  • Necessity for Democracy

(1) Elected representative will be accountable to their constituency for what they do in the locality. The rise of political parties is- directly linked to the emergence of representative democracies, large scale societies need representative democracy.

(2) As societies became large and complex, they also needed some agency to gather different views on various issues and to present these to the government

(3) They needed some way to bring various representatives together so that a responsible government could be formed.

(4) They needed a mechanism to support or restrain the government make policies, justify or oppose them.

(5) Political parties fulfil these needs that every representative government has. We can say that parties are a necessary condition for a democracy

(6) Any other relevant point (Any Five Points)

Question 33.
Explain the role of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in the rural society.
Explain the significance of The Reserve Bank of India in the Indian economy. [5]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Mention five points about the significance of Self Help Groups

  • Organisation of Rural poor
  • Allow People to take small loans and save periodically
  • Boosts Decision making capacity of the members

(1) The idea is to organize rural poor, in particular women, into small Self Help Groups (SHGs) and pool (collect) their savings.

(2) A typical SHG has 15-20 members, usually belonging to one neighbourhood, who meet and save regularly. Saving per member varies from Rs 25 to Rs 100 or more, depending on the ability of the person to save.

(3) Members can take small loans from the group itself to meet their needs.

(4) The group charges interest on these loans but this is still less than what the moneylender charges.

(5) After a year or two, if the group is regular in savings, it becomes eligible for availing loan from the bank.

(6) Loan is sanctioned in the name of the group and is meant to create self-employment opportunities for the members.

(7) Small loans are provided to the members for releasing mortgaged land, for meeting working capital needs

(8) Most of the important decisions regarding the savings and loan activities are taken by the group members.

(9) The group decides as regards the loans to be granted – the purpose, amount, interest to be charged, repayment schedule etc. Also, it is the group which is responsible for the repayment of the loan.

(10) Any case of non-repayment of loan by any one member is followed up seriously by other members in the group.

(11) Any other relevant point (Any Five Points)

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
5m (LA) Write five points about the role of RBI

  • Supervisor of loans.
  • Monitoring of Banks.
  • Bank of Banks.
  • Maintenance of Minimum Cash Balance
  1. It supervises the functioning of formal sources of loans.
  2. The banks maintain a minimum cash balance out of the deposits they receive.
  3. The RBI monitors that the banks actually maintain the cash balance.
  4. The RBI sees that the banks give loans not just to profit-making businesses and traders but also to small cultivators, small scale industries, to small borrowers etc.
  5. Periodically, banks have to submit information to the RBI on how much they are lending, to whom, at what interest rate, etc.
  6. Any other relevant point (Any Five Points)

Section – E
Case Based Questions (4 x 4 = 16)

Question 34.
Read the given source and answer the following questions:
Will Thome is one of those who went in search of seasonal work, loading bricks and doing odd jobs. He describes how job-seekers walked to London in search of work:
‘I had always wanted to go to London, and my desire … was stimulated by letters from an old workmate … who was now working at the Old Kent Road Gas Works … I finally decided to go … in November, 1881.

With two friends I started out to walk the journey, filled with the hope that we would be able to obtain employment, when we get there, with the kind assistance of my friend … we had little money when we started, not enough to pay for our food and lodgings each night until we arrived in London.

Some days we walked as much as twenty miles, and other days less. Our money was gone at the end of the third day … For two nights we slept out – once under a haystack, and once in an old farm shed … On arrival in London we tried to find… my friend… but… were unsuccessful.

Our money was gone, so there was nothing for us to do but to walk around until late at night, and then try to find some place to sleep. We found an old building and slept in it that night. The next day, Sunday, late in the afternoon, we got to the Old Kent Gas Works, and applied for work. To my great surprise, the man we had been looking for was working at the time. He spoke to the foreman and I was given a job.’

Quoted in Raphael Samuel, ‘Comers and Goers’, in H.J. Dyos and Michael Wolff, eds, The Victorian City: Images and Realities, 1973.
(A) Analyse the major factor which led London become an attractive place for the job seekers. [1]
(B) Analyse the reason for the appoint-ment of Will Thorne by the Old Kent Gas works. [1]0
(C) Examine the preference of hand labour over machines by the industrialists of the Victorian Britain. [2]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
1m (CBQ) (A) Mention a factor (1m)
Availability of jobs
1m (B) Mention one reason
His search for seasonal jobs (1m)
2m (C) Mention two reasons for this preferences (1m+1m)
Huge Capital investment for machines, Easy availability of cheap labour

(A) Due to the industrial revolution and availability of job opportunities in factories of London

(B) Gas work was the seasonal industry and they were in need to low wage workers


  • It Machines needed huge capital investments.
  • Machines were costly, ineffective, difficult to repair.
  • Labour was available at low wages.
  • In seasonal industries, only seasonal labour was required.
  • Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions

Question 35.
Read the given source and answer the following questions:
Narmada Bachao Andolan or Save Narmada Movement is a Non-Governmentai Organisation (NGO) that mobilized tribal people, farmers, environmentalists and human rights activists against the Sardar Sarovar Dam being built across the Narmada river in Gujarat.

It originally focused on the environmental issues related to trees that would be submerged under the dam water. Recently it has re-focused the aim to enable poor citizens, especially the oustees (displaced people) to get full rehabilitation facilities from the government.

People felt that their suffering would not be in vain… accepted the trauma of displacement believing in the promise of irrigated fields and plentiful harvests. So, often the survivors of Rihand told us that they accepted their sufferings as sacrifice for the sake of their nation. But now, after thirty bitter years of being adrift, their livelihood having even being more precarious, they keep asking: “Are we the only ones chosen to make sacrifices for the nation?”
Source: S. Sharma, quoted in In the Belly of the River. Tribal conflicts over development in Narmada valley. A. Baviskar. 1995.
(A) With what objective ‘Sardar Sarovar Dam’ was built? [1]
(B) AnaLyse the reason of protest by the tribal people. [1]
(C) Highlight the issues on which ‘Save Narmada Movement’ worked on. [2]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
1m (CBQ) (A) Write one objective (1m)
Irrigation (Not limited to this point)
1m (B) Analyse one reason behind protest (1m)

  • (Try to include but not limited to
  • Displacement of people, destruction of environment)
2m (C) Write two issues associated (1m+1m)
Environmental Issue, Anthropological Issue


  • To secure power
  • Irrigation
  • Drinking water for the drought- prone region.
  • Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)


  • Huge displacement of people
  • Demand for rehabilitation
  • Harm of harvest
  • Loss of livelihood
  • Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)


  • Against huge displacement of people
  • Environmental issue
  • Demand for rehabilitation of tribal
  • To provide tribal the source of livelihood
  • Any other relevant point (Any Two Points)

Question 36.
Read the given source and answer the following questions:
Power sharing arrangements can also be seen in the way political parties, pressure groups and movements control or influence those in power. In a democracy, the citizens must have freedom to choose among various contenders for power. In contemporary democracies, this takes the form of competition among different parties.

Such competition ensures that power does not remain in one hand. In the long run, power is shared among different political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups. Sometimes this kind of sharing can be direct, when two or more parties form an alliance to contest elections. If their alliance is elected, they form a coalition government and thus share power. In a democracy, we find interest groups such as those of traders, businessmen, industrialists, farmers and industrial workers. They also will have share in governmental power, either through participation in governmental committees or bringing influence on the decision-making process.
(A) ‘Power sharing is an essential component of democracy.’ Give one example to prove the statement. [1]
(B) How is alliance building an example of power sharing? [1]
(C) How Political parties, pressure groups and movements help in controlling or influencing those who are in power? [2]

Total Marks Breakdown (As per CBSE Marking Scheme)
4m (CBQ) (A) Mention one example (1m)
Reduces Social Conflicts
(B) Mention the concept behind alliance building and relate it to power sharing. (1m)
(Try to include- power and responsibility distributed between different groups)
(C) Mention two points about the role. (1m+1m)
Ensures competition and freedom of choice


  • It helps in reducing the possibility of conflict between the social groups.
  • Power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order.
  • Any other relevant point (Any One Point)


  • When two or more parties form an alliance to contest elections or to form a government is called as sharing of power.
  • Alliance could be between regional and national parties which is again an example of power sharing.
  • Political ideas are shared.
  • Any other relevant point (Any One Point)


  • Freedom of choice entails competition among the different parties.
  • Such competition ensures that power does not remain in one hand, but is shared among different political parties representing different ideologies and social groups.
  • Any other relevant point (Any One Point)

Section – F
Map Skill Based Questions (2 + 3 = 5)

Question 37.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions 2
(a) Two places A and B have been marked on the given outline map of India.
Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(A) Indian National Congress session at this place in 1920
(B) The place where Mahatma Gandhi broke Salt Law. [2]

(b) On the same outline map of India locate and label any THREE of the following with suitable Symbols.
(a) Hirakud Dam
(b) Tarapur Atomic Power Station
(c) Noida Software Technology Park
(d) Kochi Port [3]
(a) (A) Calcutta
(B) Dandi

(b) (a) Hirakund Dam-Odisha
(b) Tarapur Atomic Power Station- Maharastra
(c) Noida Software Technology Park- Uttar Pradesh
(d) Kochi port-Kerala
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1 with Solutions 3